Antidepressants Types Effects

How Antidepressants Work

Despite all the therapies and medicinal drugs offered, depression never faltered in proving the world as being one of the most complex and rampant disorders today. Regardless of age and gender, depression marks as one of societal issues faced by this generation. Luckily, medical professionals keep on developing treatments against this hazardous dilemma. To name a few, it includes the proper usage of antidepressants.

Antidepressants are one of the most popular treatment options for depression. Though it cannot totally eradicate root cause, antidepressants can slowly reduce the warning symptoms. Since antidepressants come with different forms and types, it pays to visit a healthcare professional to ensure its effects. There are antidepressants that don’t work because depression is a case to case basis. Oftentimes, antidepressants work efficiently alongside with medications. While antidepressants work differently, expect variations on its side effects, too. Then again, you can find the one that perfectly works for you through the aid of personal physician.

Here’s a short overview of the different types of antidepressants.

Antidepressants target the neurotransmitters that cause depression. The human brain has three common brain chemicals or neurotransmitters, involving serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine. Antidepressants have different ways of dealing with these neurotransmitters. Several types of antidepressants are as follows:

SSRIs or otherwise known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are medicinal drugs used to fight depression. Doctors usually start from this drug since it has the mildest side effects to patients. SSRIs block the reabsorption or reuptake in the brain which allows serotonin more available for transmitting signals. It enhances levels of serotonin and improves brain’s neurotransmitters.

SNRIs or serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors are antidepressants that come with heavier and more efficient effects against depression. This medicinal drug is both effective in dealing pain and disturbed neurotransmitters. SNRIs also improve serotonin level in the bloodstream, like SSRIs. Since it’s twice more effective than the first antidepressant, this type of drug can help those who suffer from major depression.

Tricyclic antidepressants are medications that improve the serotonin and norepinephrine. The main objective of this drug is to balance the neurotransmitters by blocking acetylcholine or an action that triggers another neurotransmitter. Tricyclic antidepressants are used when the first two antidepressants above won’t work.

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are yet another antidepressants that alleviate depression through elevating the levels of norepinephrine, serotonin, and dopamine. This antidepressant inhibits monoamine oxidase, a type of enzyme that can disturb brain chemicals. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors are the most effective and highly developed drugs against depression. However, it requires strict diet that may involve healthful eating routines to the patient. Moreover, such drug also helps treat panic disorder and social phobia.

Seeking professional aid is always the best first option when diagnosed with depression and even other health issues, like dental problems. The antidepressants above all need prescription from professionals. Similar with other health disorders, depression is best treated when detected during its early stage.